Fulufjällets National Park in Sweden was established in 2002 to preserve an essentially untouched southern mountainous area that is home to distinctive vegetation and great natural heritage. On various occasions, the Swedish side expressed that they would like an adjacent nature conservation area to be established in Norway. This would safeguard the heritage associated with the entirety of this forest and mountainous area. Against this backdrop, Fulufjellet National Park was established on 27 April 2012 to preserve a large natural area that hadn’t experienced any heavy encroachments and had distinctive, representative ecosystems in the border areas.
Nature and its biodiversity do not recognize administrative boundaries. In the work on protecting valuable nature, it is therefore important to be able to view areas that stretch across national borders in context. The Norwegian Fulufjellet National Park helps to safeguard ecological, landscape and outdoor recreation values that are linked to the entirety, size and coherence of Fulufjellet, and is therefore also an important contribution to preserving very valuable parts of Scandinavian natural heritage.
Plant and animal life
Fulufjellet provides birds and mammals with good nesting and breeding grounds, and predators find dens and territories to live in. The vegetation in the high mountains is not very varied, but there is much greater biodiversity at lower elevations. Areas of primeval forest with pine trees that are up to 400 years old can be found in the park. The world’s oldest recorded tree can be found on the Swedish side of the border. It is a spruce tree called Old Tjikko and is estimated to be almost 10,000 years old.